This is a page where explanations, examples of issue etc. can be left for anyone to use

I have been asked to supply a list of all the case studies you need to know

I will try and add links form the other sources later but this is a starter

Case studies and examples needed for the exam

Unit A1 Rivers

1.Case study of the rising demand for water in one country. - India
2. A case study of a dam or reservoir project. – Three Gorges – main purposes, advantages, disadvantages
3. A case study of a flood defence scheme. – The Tees with specific reference to Yarm ( both river and town and as many methods as you can
Also needed are named examples of waterfalls, estuaries, deltas, levees etc – names only
[High Force, Tees, R Tees estuary, Mississippi for both delta and levees]

Unit A3 Hazards

1. A comparative study of the impacts of tropical storms, in an LIC and an HIC.
Cyclone Sidr and Hurricane Katrina – concentrate on impacts and comparing the 2. But any management bits you have already, you may as well hang on to as additional info the management pair
2/3.Case studies of the management of one tropical storm and one tectonic event. One of these should have happened in an LIC and the other in an HIC.
Tropical storm HIC – Hurricane Wilma
Tectonic event LIC – Haiti
Concentrate on management – try for 3 main ideas

Unit B4 Economic activity and Energy

1.A comparative study of sectoral shifts in one HIC and one LIC UK (HIC) and Malaysia ( LIC à MIC)
2. Case study of the factors affecting the development and location of one high-tech industry. - Nissan
3. Case study of recent employment changes within an area of a HIC – either S Wales or NE England prior to and including the TNCs moving in.

Unit B6 Urban Environments

1.A case study of one city to show the land use patterns and the distribution of social/ethnic groups – Manchester for socio-economic groups and ethic groups and land use, although those of you who did a fieldwork activity on land use may use your own as well
2. A case study of shanty town management in a LIC city. – Kibera , a shanty in Nairobi – have at least 3 different and distinct scheme in mind, that represent top-down ( people coming in from outside and deciding) and bottom-up ( local people doing it themselves), and tackling 3 different problems from housing, water and sewage, education, health, employment. [Suggest housing + 2or more others]
3. A case study of one named urban area in an HIC to explain how and why changes are taking place. – return to Manchester again
Also brownfield green field issues of your own would be good – week 16?

Unit C7 Fragile Environments

1. A case study of an area affected by desertification, with examples of farming practices to alleviate soil erosion. – Sahel
This means causes and effects of desertification with specific mention of places in the Sahel. Also farm practices, which may include 1 or 2 from other world areas but must include at least 2 from the Sahel. Make them as different as possible, e.g. reduction of soil erosion by zai, bunds, contour terracing , tree planting to increase fertility, controlling cows etc by growing feed for dry season etc.
2. A case study of a threatened tropical rainforest - Amazon.
Know the 3 main causes of deforestation for Amazon on order and perhaps %.
Know the names of places and activities of 4 management activities, 2 locally bases and 2 involving international organisations, one involving REDD funding/cooperation
3. A case study of the threats posed by global warming and climate change to one country – they suggest Bangladesh – I think this is the one to go for, but have not done it yet! We have lots of issues for this – retreating glaciers will lead to loss of spring floods that bring fertile soil – rising sea level due to thermal expansion and melt water loss of land as it has (???) % at less than (??) metres above sea level. Increased weather variations bigger storms??
4. A case study of attempts to tackle the problems of global warming and climate change – Kyoto + the development of REDD.

This was a question about 'What does with reference to a named example mean?'

The last part of every question certainly and often the one before that too ask about things like the questions I gave as examples. Now some of these say: With reference to a named example … and then the answer part looks like this:
Named example: ……
….. (lots of lines for you to write on) …..
So what they want is the name of a place or a company or an area that the question refers to.
So for example:
With reference to a named example, explain what the main causes of deforestation are.
Named Example: Amazon
In the Amazon, the main cause of deforestation is cattle ranching which is the primary cause of about 60% of all the recent deforestation. In addition ……
Now this does not mean you have only to refer to the Amazon but it does mean that most of it should be. So you could add at the end:
However, there other causes of deforestation in the world, that do not apply to the Amazon. For example there is widespread deforestation for the production of palm in Indonesia. This is used in food, cosmetics and also in biodeisal
Any named example you quote should almost always be one of the case studies that we have looked at. Although sometimes you need to be a little inventive about this!
Where 'the named example' is not stated, for the last parts try to include examples of whatever, as maximum marks require them to be included.